Geography

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There are several territories, regions, and constituent countries whose names begin with the letter "W," but no sovereign countries. So, what is the difference between these places and a country? For most lay people, when they are asked to name a country, they often think of places that are officially sovereign countries, like the United States or Japan. Yet, places like Wales or Western Sahara do not always come to mind. This is because the latter two are not officially listed sovereign cou...
Countries That Start With The Letter W
There are several territories, regions, and constituent countries whose names begin with the letter "W," but no sovereign countries. So, what is the difference between these places and a country? For most lay people, when they are asked to name a country, they often think of places that are officially sovereign countries, like the United States or Japan. Yet, places like Wales or Western Sahara do not always come to mind. This is because the latter two are not officially listed sovereign cou...
Given the rounded shape of our planet, projecting its surface onto flat maps can introduce errors, often making maps deceptive, particularly when comparing the sizes of different countries. A more precise approach is to evaluate the total area of each country, either in square miles (mi²) or in square kilometers (km²).
The Largest Countries In The World
Given the rounded shape of our planet, projecting its surface onto flat maps can introduce errors, often making maps deceptive, particularly when comparing the sizes of different countries. A more precise approach is to evaluate the total area of each country, either in square miles (mi²) or in square kilometers (km²).
There are only four different countries in the world that begin with the letter "V." The letter "V" is a relatively uncommon letter in the English language, and the sound it makes can only be found in roughly 27% of all world languages. In English, the "V" sound appears in just 1.11% of all worlds. This fact comes from researchers at Cornell University. Despite its being such a rare sound in English, the story of how these countries got their names is intriguing.
Countries That Start With The Letter V
There are only four different countries in the world that begin with the letter "V." The letter "V" is a relatively uncommon letter in the English language, and the sound it makes can only be found in roughly 27% of all world languages. In English, the "V" sound appears in just 1.11% of all worlds. This fact comes from researchers at Cornell University. Despite its being such a rare sound in English, the story of how these countries got their names is intriguing.
the letter u is made up of marbles and has an image of mountains on it
Countries That Start With The Letter U
There are seven countries that start with the letter "U," but they do not all pronounce "U" with the same sounds, and those different sounds are also called 'phonemes.' Basically, the letter "U" can sound different in various words, like the difference between the "U" in "cube" and in "cub." While the "U" sounds are fairly common in English, they are also frequent in other languages. For example, several of the specific phonemes of the English "U" — /j/ and /u/ — are found in 88%-90% of lang...
the letter s is made up of clouds and earth
Countries That Start With The Letter S
S is the most common first letter for country names in English. In fact, out of the world's 195 countries, an impressive 26 of them start with the letter. In fact, “S” is used in roughly 67% of all languages around the globe, showing how common the letter and sound can be. Additionally, in English, the "S" sound appears in about 6.28% of all words. This fact comes from researchers at Cornell University. Yet, how these 26 countries got their names that start with "S" is a fascinating story, s...
the letter r is made up of an image of the earth and it's surface
Countries That Start With The Letter R
Out of the world's 195 countries, there are only three whose names start with the letter "R.": Romania, Russia, and Rwanda. However, even though the sound "R" is the first letter of the names of only three countries in English, this same sound is used in roughly 44% of all languages! Around 94 countries (including Rwanda) have official names that start with "Republic of," such as Republic of Poland, Republic of Suriname, Republic of Turkey, and so on.
a map with the names of countries in different colors and sizes, including england, scotland,
What Is A Constituent Nation?
A constituent nation is an area or region within a country that is usually given considerable autonomy pertaining to local laws and policies or is ruled indirectly by another larger nation. While not enjoying full independence, a constituent nation is often able to have considerable amounts of influence within the borders that they control and sometimes even have their own governments and capital cities.
the letter q is made out of marble and has blue paint on it's surface
Countries That Start With The Letter Q
Out of the world’s 195 countries, only one starts with the letter “Q”: Qatar. A mere 8% of all languages use the /q/ sound, although English speakers often pronounce it as /k/ (like in "Kangaroo"), which appears in 90% of the world's 3,000 languages and dialects. Additionally, Qatar, being the only country in English that starts with the letter, “Q” is clearly an uncommon letter and sound.
the letter p is made out of marble and has blue paint on it's surface
Countries That Start With The Letter P
Out of 195 countries, just a handful of them start with the letter "P" — only 10, in fact. However, these particular countries also start with two different "P" sounds: almost all of them begin with a /p/ like in "pot," while the country Philippines is pronounced with an /f/ like in "physics." The traditional "P" sound ("pot") at the beginning of these countries' names is common enough to be found in 86% of over 3,000 languages and dialects spoken around the world. Moreover, in English, "P" ...
an aerial view of trees and clouds in the sky with a circular shape on top
What Is The Hydrosphere?
The hydrosphere is one of the four spheres of the Earth. The term ‘hydro’ means water; thus, the hydrosphere is an aspect of our Earth that contains all the water on the planet. Not just lakes, oceans, rivers, and seas, but water on the surface, underground, and in the air. Water in the hydrosphere can also be in any of the three states: liquid, vapor, or solid (like ice).
the letter o is made up of earth's surface
Countries That Start With The Letter O
Only one of the world's 195 countries, Oman, has a name that starts with the letter "O." Interestingly, the "O" sound which begins the name of this country is a sound that is also used in about 60% of all languages. In English, the "O" sound shows up in roughly 7.68% of words, according to researchers at Cornell University. Oman, at a glance, has a population 4.6 million people and a land area of 119 thousand mi2, and sits in a fairly arid section of the Middle East. The story of how this co...
the letter n is made out of marble and has an image of mountains on it
Countries That Start With The Letter N
Out of the world's 195 countries, there are only 11 whose names start with the letter "N." However, even though the sound "N" starts with the names of only three countries in English, this same sound is used in roughly 78% of all languages! Additionally, in English, the "N" sound appears in about 6.95% of all words. This fact comes from researchers at Cornell University. Yet, how these 11 countries got their names that start with "N" is a fascinating story, so keep reading to learn more.
the letter m is made out of marble
Countries That Start With The Letter M
Eighteen countries in the world have names that begin with the letter "M." Relative to the other 25 letters in the English alphabet, eighteen is fairly high; one could argue it is representative of the fact that the "m" sound is possibly the most common consonant sound in the world! Roughly 96% of all the world's 3,000 languages and dialects utilize it, according to linguists at Phoible.org. Additionally, in English, the "M" sound appears in about 2.61% of all words. Yet, how these 18 countri...
the letter l is made up of an image of clouds and land in blue tones
Countries That Start With The Letter L
There are 195 countries in the world, but only nine of them start with the letter "L." Even though the "L" sound starts the names of only three countries in English, it is actually used in around 56% of all languages. In English, the "L" sound shows up in about 3.98% of words, according to researchers at Cornell University. The way these nine countries got their names beginning with "L" is an interesting story. Keep reading to find out more.
the letter g is made up of an image of mountains and trees in blue, white and gray
Countries That Start With The Letter G
Of the 195 countries in the world, 11 countries start with the letter "G." However, when we say the name of these countries, each individual sound is called a phoneme. Think of a phoneme as the special sound that a letter can make in different words. These particular countries start with two different "G" sounds: /g/ like in "gate," and /dʒ/ like in "judge."