Stone Age Tools
Poverty Point Cooking Balls - Southern Illinois. This picture shows two examples of fire hardened clay cooking balls that are called Poverty Points. Poverty Points were named after the Poverty Point site in northeastern Louisiana and the late Archaic culture by the same name. These people are famous for using clay balls, that were made in several different shapes, to cook food. The clay balls were heated and as many as 200 were used in a pit for cooking food.
Variously known as "cupstones," "anvil stones," "pitted cobbles" and "nutting stones," these roughly discoidal or amorphous groundstone artifacts are among the most common lithic remains of Native American culture, especially in the Midwest, in Early Archaic contexts. They have received little study. When not carried by natural forces into creekbeds, these objects are frequently surface-found on ridge-lines and at apparently random sites in the woods, frequently near streams and rock-shelters, s