The "Tensho kanki sho" ("Brief explanation of astronomical phenomena"), a small pamphlet by Nagakubo Sekisui (1717～1801)," contains this volvelle, which is centered on the North Pole fastened with a thread. The rotating star map shows the Chinese constellations. It is the earliest pocket-sized Japanese planisphere. The equator (concentric black circle), ecliptic (yellow circle) and the 28 lunar mansions are also shown, as is the Milky Way (white on blue background).
Assyrian star planisphere found in the library of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal (reigned 668-627 BC) at Nineveh. The function of this unique 13-cm diameter clay tablet, in which the principal constellations are positioned in eight sectors, is disputed but the texts and drawings appear to be astro-magical in nature. Currently located at the British Museum, London.
Plate with signs of the zodiac and planets. Rome, Museo della Civiltà Romana, inv. M.C.R. n. 2898 Lunar astrological calendar showing, at the top, the busts of seven heavenly bodies connected with the days of the week: Saturn, the Sun, the Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter and Venus. In the centre, we see a circumference divided into 12 parts, each with one of the signs of the zodiac depicted with the initial of its Latin name.
Suma de Cosmographia fecha por el maestro Pedro de Medina . Compendium of Cosmography Pedro de Medina (1493–1567) was a cartographer, author, and a founder of marine science. He lived in Seville, the center of the Spanish ocean-going commerce and the starting point for ships headed to the New World. He worked in an environment shaped by the Casa de Contratación (House of Trade), the Spanish government agency that controlled exploration and colonization, although he was never employed by it.
THE DENDERA ZODIAC -- S.A. Mackey was a source frequently cited by H.P. Blavatsky, primarily in relation to his theory pertaining to the zodiacs of the Hathor Temple at Dendera, Egypt, and his interpretation of them. Mackey was of the opinion that, during the millennia through which equinoctial precession occurs, the path traced by the celestial north pole of the Earth is not a closed circle, as is commonly held, but a spiral.