Because of his youthful appearance, Luftwaffe Major Erich Alfred Hartmann was nicknamed "Bubi" ("kid"). With over 350 confirmed aerial victories, he is undoubtedly the greatest fighter pilot in human history. He was awarded the Knight's Cross with Oak Leaves, Swords and Diamonds, Germany's highest military decoration at the time. With Germany's defeat, he was charged with various war crimes and spent over ten years in Soviet POW camps. He was released in 1955, one of the last Heimkehrer.