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pilgrim glasses

Leather nose glasses and wood case. By the time of Gutenberg’s invention of the printing press around glasses were already used by artisans as well as monks and other religious scholars.

Wooden Canister containing Beeswax and Poppy oil. 'This turned wooden canister was found in the surgeon’s chest, on the Mary Rose, a Tudor era ship that sunk in 1545. The canister contained a grey powder, which you can still see lining the interior. Examination of this powder shows it was originally beeswax and poppy oil. This was used to treat inflammations of various parts of the body and could also be used as a painkiller'.

Mary Rose 'Foto Friday' Photos from the Mary Rose Trust archives, brought to you on (almost) every Friday!

Authentic plague doctor mask, 14th century, Germany

Authentic plague doctor mask, Germany, ca. the "beak" would be stuffed with herbs to protect the doctor from the miasma that carried the plague.

Feldbüch der Wundartzney (1497) by Hans von Gersdorff  In the illustration by the famous German surgeon Hans von Gersdorff (ca 1480-1540), note that the physician was using his left hand as a tourniquet to both reduce bleeding, and to compress the nerves for pain control. The man on the right of the illustration was wearing a “T,” likely indicating that he suffered from St. Anthony’s Fire, which was probably erysipelas, a Group A streptococcal infection common at the time

Feldbüch der Wundartzney by Hans von Gersdorff In the illustration by…

Pulse measurement. 14th century artwork of a doctor measuring a patient's pulse. As seen here, the pulse can be taken at the wrist or in the armpit. Artwork from Anathomia (1345), by the Italian anatomist Guido da Vigevano.

century artwork of a doctor measuring a patient's pulse. As seen here, the pulse can be taken at the wrist or in the armpit. Artwork from Anathomia by the Italian anatomist Guido da Vigevano.

Trepanation, 14th century artwork from Anathomia (1345) by Italian anatomist Guido da Vigevano.  This procedure was used to treat headaches, migraines, epilepsy and mental illness.  Grim.

Trepanation, century artwork from Anathomia by Italian anatomist Guido da Vigevano. This procedure was used to treat headaches, migraines, epilepsy and mental illness.