Nobel Peace Prize
The Nobel Peace Prize is one of 5 Prizes created by the Swedish industrialist and armaments manufacturer Alfred Nobel. Since 1901, it has been awarded to those…
2014 Malala Yousafzai: 1997: Pakistan and UK. After having suffered an attack on her life by Taliban gunmen in 2012, she become a leading advocate for girls' rights. Already at eleven years of age she fought for girls' right to education. Injustices perpetrated against children contribute to the spread of conflicts to future generations.
2014 Kailash Satyarthi: 1954: India. Following the tradition of Mahatma Gandhi, he has waged a peaceful struggle to stop children being exploited as labour instead of attending school. He has also contributed to the development of international conventions on the rights of children.
2013 Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW). The use of chemical weapons dates back to WW I. Their use was prohibited in 1925 but they have since been used by both nations and terrorists. An international convention that prohibited manufacture and storage of chemical weapons came into effect in 1997. That same year, the OPCW was formed for international cooperation to ensure that the convention is honoured through inspections and destruction of chemical weapons
2012 European Union (EU). After WW II, reconciliation between Germany and France was necessary to foster peace. The two countries together with four others built the European Coal and Steel Community in 1952. This expanded to include other countries during the 1970s and 1980s with democracy as a prerequisite. An ever-broader cooperation since 1993 formed the European Union. After the fall of European communist regimes, the EU was able to expand to include countries in Central and Eastern Europe
2011 Tawakkol Karman: 1979: Yemen. One of three women awarded the Prize that year "for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women's rights to full participation in peace-building work"
2010 Liu Xiaobo: 1955-: China, "for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China". He took part in the student protests on Tiananmen Square in 1989 and for that was sentenced to two years in prison. He later criticised China's one-party system and served three years in a labour camp. In 2008, he was co-author of a manifesto which advocates gradual shifting of China's political and legal system towards democracy for which he was sentenced to eleven years' imprisonment.
2009 Barack H. Obama: 1961-: USA. 44th President of the United States of America. He had been in office for less than eight months when he was awarded the Prize. Among the reasons it gave, the Nobel Committee lauded Obama for his "extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples". Emphasis was also given to his support - in word and deed - for the vision of a world free from nuclear weapons
2008 Martti Ahtisaari: 1937-: former President of Finland and UN Commissioner for Namibia, "for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts". He was a major contributor when Namibia achieved independence in 1989-90, arbitrated in Kosovo in 1999 and 2005-07, and helped to bring the long-lasting conflict in the Aceh province in Indonesia to an end in 2005.
2007 Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr. 1948-: former US Vice President. The award was grounded in his tireless campaign to put the climate crisis on the political agenda and to obtain and disseminate information about the climate challenge. In part this has been through a book “Earth in the Balance” and film “An Inconvenient Truth”. He is probably the single individual who has done most to rouse the public and governments that action had to be taken to meet the climate challenge
2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) founded in 1988 in New York, USA by the UN General Assembly "for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change".
2006 Grameen Bank founded in 1976 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It assumes that even the poorest can manage their financial affairs and development by small long-term loans on easy terms. When the Bank was awarded the Prize, more than seven million borrowers had been granted loans. The average amount borrowed was 100 dollars, the repayment percentage was very high and 95% of loans went to women. The bank has since been a source of inspiration for similar institutions in over 100 countries