PETER ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY Russian composer and pianist. Known for his symphonies, ballets, concertos, operas, and chamber music. The first Russian composer whose music became known and revered internationally.
Bedrich Smetana A Czech composer who pioneered the development of a musical style which became closely identified with his country's aspirations to independent statehood. He is thus widely regarded in his homeland as the father of Czech music.