Fidel Castro striking his famous pose. Arrested and jailed for opposing an oppressive, US-backed regime, he led a revolution and maintained power in Cuba for 50 years. He survived hundreds of assassination attempts and 9 US presidents.
December 1961 – Cold War: In a nationally broadcast speech, Cuban leader Fidel Castro announces he is a Marxist-Leninist, and that Cuba will adopt socialism. Che Guevara (left) and Castro, photographed by Alberto Korda in 196