Coal miner Lee Hipshire in shortly after emerging from a mine in Logan County, W. at the end of his shift. At age he had worked 26 years underground. A few years later, Lee took early retirement because of pneumoconiosis, or black lung disease.
A woman stands with a coal miner in Holden, West Virginia, in this 1938 photo. Anthony Stewart was a bookkeeper in National Geographic’s photo lab before launching a decades-long career shooting pictures for the magazine.