Travel - Hungary
Hungarian Folk wear/ Embroidery
Hungarian Country Houses
Hungarian Language / Magyar
The Siege of Budapest refers to the Soviet Union's takeover of the Hungarian capital city of Budapest towards the end of World War II in Europe. Part of the broader Budapest Offensive, the siege began when Budapest, defended by Hungarian and German troops, was first encircled on 29 December 1944 by the Red Army and the Romanian Army. The siege ended when the city unconditionally surrendered on 13 February 1945. It was a decisive victory for the Allies in their push towards Berlin.
Bergen-Belsen and the Hungarian Jews .The last group of Jews to be deported by the Nazis were the Hungarians. Both Hungary and Bulgaria were allies of Germany in World War II. On April 17, 1943, after Bulgaria had refused to allow their Jews to be deported, Hitler met with Admiral Nicholas Horthy, the Hungarian leader, in Salzburg and tried to persuade him to allow the Jews of Hungary to be "resettled" in Poland, according to Martin Gilbert in his book, "Never Again."
Born Andre Friedman in Budapest, Hungary, photojournalist Robert Capa (1913-1954) was sent to Spain in 1936 to cover the civil war and succeeded in producing many of the conflict's most iconic images. He photographed the European theater throughout World War II, often taking enormous risks to get the powerful images for which he was known. His photos of the D-Day invasion are considered among the most vivid images of warfare ever captured on film. His work during World War II earned him the Meda
Hannah Szenes: Hungary July 17, 1921 – November 7, 1944 Hannah Szenes was a paratrooper for the British Special Operations Executive. The mission was to enter Yugoslavia to rescue several Jews who were being prepared for deportation to Auschwitz. Unfortunately, she was caught, imprisoned, tortured & interrogated. Regardless of the torment inflicted upon her, Hannah didn’t crack. Instead, she wrote poetry & kept a diary until her execution by firing squad.
In October 1944, Hitler sent Skorzeny to Hungary after receiving word that Hungary's Regent, Admiral Miklós Horthy, was secretly negotiating with the Red Army. The surrender of Hungary would have cut off the million German troops still fighting in the Balkan peninsula. Skorzeny, in a daring "snatch" codenamed Operation Panzerfaust (known as Operation Eisenfaust in Germany), kidnapped Horthy's son Miklós Horthy, Jr. and forced his father to resign as head of state...
Raoul Wallenberg was a Swedish humanitarian who worked in Budapest, Hungary during World War II to rescue Jews from the Holocaust. Between July and December of 1944 he issued fake passports and housed several thousand Jews, saving an estimated 100,000 people from the Nazis. After the war, Wallenberg was captured and imprisoned by the Soviets, and died in prison in 1947, though the date and circumstances of his death remain disputed.
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (13 May 1717 – 29 November 1780) was the only female ruler of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy Roman Empress.
Ferdinand I (19 April 1793 – 29 June 1875) was Emperor of Austria, President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary and Bohemia (as Ferdinand V), as well as associated dominions from the death of his father (Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor) on 2 March 1835, until his abdication after the Revolutions of 1848.