Czech and Slovak scientists

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Otto Wichterle (1913–1998) was a Czech chemist and inventor, best known for his invention of modern contact lenses.

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Czech physician and neurophysiologist, Jan Evangelista Purkinje (Purkyne), 1787 - 1869, is best known for his discovery, in 1837, of Purkinje cells, large nerve cells with many branching extensions found in the cortex of the cerebral cortex. He is also known for his 1839 discovery of Purkinje fibers, the fibrous tissue that conducts the pacemaker stimulus along the inside walls of the ventricles to all parts of the heart.

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Dom Prokop Diviš, O.Praem. (26 March 1698 – 25 December 1765) Czech canon regular, theologian and natural scientist, invented the first grounded lightning rod.

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Jan Svatopluk Presl (1791–1849) was a Bohemian natural scientist. He was the brother of botanist Karel Bořivoj Presl (1794–1852). The Czech Botanical Society commemorated the two brothers by naming its principal publication Preslia (founded in 1914). He is the author of Czech scientific terminology of various branches of science, including the Czech chemical nomenclature.

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Jaroslav Heyrovský. Czech scientist, Nobel prize 1959 - chemie. Founder of polarography.

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Milan Rastislav Štefánik (1880-1919) was a Slovak born astronomer; art-connoisseur, general, politician and diplomat and was one of the founders of Czechoslovakia. He befriended with the artist T.F. Šimon (1877-1942), who did this portrait) and financially supported the young artist during his early career in Paris.

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Mileva Maric and her famous husband, Albert Einstein. He was a professor of physics in Prague, 100 years ago this year.

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Alec Hrdlicka, a Czech scientist who was a leader in anthropology and racial studies, pretty much defined anthropometrics-- the study of physiology, physical shape and form and race. His work was during the early eugenics years with his first major influences seen mostly around the 1930s.

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Carl Ferdinand Cori (1896-1984), Czech-born American biochemist and pharmacologist. "for their discovery of the course of the catalytic conversion of glycogen"

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Jan Svatopluk Presl (1791–1849) was a Bohemian natural scientist. He was the brother of botanist Karel Bořivoj Presl (1794–1852). The Czech Botanical Society commemorated the two brothers by naming its principal publication Preslia (founded in 1914). He is the author of Czech scientific terminology of various branches of science, including the Czech chemical nomenclature.

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